Civil Rights - Overview

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Do you think that you have been illegally discriminated against? If so, you may have experienced a Civil Rights violation. Civil Rights are personal rights guaranteed and protected by law to ensure people are not discriminated against in certain areas due to certain characteristics.


Some protected "areas" include:

  • Housing (renting or buying),
  • Public benefits,
  • Education,
  • Employment, and
  • Voting.

 

The protected characteristics include:

  • Race,
  • Color,
  • Religion,
  • Sex,
  • National origin (where you were born or where you are from),
  • Disability status,
  • Familial status,
  • Gender identity, and
  • Sexual orientation

   *There may be more characteristics included depending on what state you live in.

 

Examples of Potential Civil Rights Violations Include:

  • Fired, not hired, or demoted for reasons unrelated to job performance or qualifications.
  • Denied reemployment or fired based on military service.
  • Retaliated against for reporting discrimination.
  • Inappropriately asked to provide immigration documentation. 
  • Denied housing, a permit, or a loan based on personal characteristics like race, sex, and/or having children under 18 years old.
  • Denied an accommodation for a disability, including not being allowed to have a service animal.
  • Harassment by a landlord or another tenant, including sexual harassment.
  • Harassment based on race, sex, national origin, disability, or religion.
  • Denied admission or segregated in an education program or activity.
  • Denied educational accommodations for a disability or language barrier.
  • Obstacles to registering to vote, obtaining, or submitting a ballot, having your ballot counted, or entering a polling place to vote.
  • Denied adequate voting assistance or accommodations for a disability at a polling place.
  • Restricted or prevented from participating in an election, including voting, becoming a candidate, or being elected for office
  • A physical or online location that does not provide disability accommodations.
  • Denied service or entry because of a perceived personal characteristic like race, sex, or religion.
  • Threatened or harassed while seeking or receiving reproductive health services.

 

Federal Websites That Can Help You File A Complaint:

General Civil Rights complaint report page with DOJ: https://civilrights.justice.gov/

US Commission on Civil Rights: https://www.usccr.gov/filing/

Service members Rights: https://www.justice.gov/servicemembers

EEOC for Employment complaints: https://publicportal.eeoc.gov/Portal/Login.aspx

Department of Education Civil Rights Complaint Forms: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/complaintintro.html

 

State Civil Rights Resources/Webpages:

Alabama: https://dhr.alabama.gov/directory/equal-employment-civil-rights/

Alaska: https://humanrights.alaska.gov/ Arizona https://www.azag.gov/civil-rights

Arkansas: Housing: https://www.fairhousing.arkansas.gov/submit-a-complaint/  Workplace: https://www.workplacefairness.org/file_AR

California: https://www.dfeh.ca.gov/

Colorado: https://ccrd.colorado.gov/

Connecticut: https://portal.ct.gov/CHRO/Complaint-Process/Complaint-Process/How-to-File-a-Discrimination-Complaint

Delaware: https://statehumanrelations.delaware.gov/

Florida: https://fchr.myflorida.com/

Georgia: https://gceo.georgia.gov/about-us

Hawaii: https://labor.hawaii.gov/hcrc/

Idaho: https://humanrights.idaho.gov/

Illinois: https://www2.illinois.gov/dhr/Pages/default.aspx

Indiana: https://www.in.gov/icrc/

Iowa: https://icrc.iowa.gov/

Kansas: http://www.khrc.net/

Kentucky: https://kchr.ky.gov/Pages/default.aspx

Louisiana: https://gov.louisiana.gov/page/lchr

Maine: https://www.maine.gov/mhrc/home

Maryland: https://mccr.maryland.gov/Pages/default.aspx

Massachusetts: https://www.mass.gov/orgs/massachusetts-commission-against-discrimination

Michigan: https://www.michigan.gov/mdcr/ Minnesota: https://mn.gov/mdhr/

Mississippi: https://www.msbar.org/search-results/?searchTerm=discrimination

Missouri: https://labor.mo.gov/mohumanrights#:~:text=About%20the%20Human%20Rights%20Commission&text=The%20Commission%20investigates%20complaints%20of,status%20(in%20housing%20only) 

Montana: http://erd.dli.mt.gov/human-rights/human-rights-commission

Nebraska: https://neoc.nebraska.gov/

Nevada: https://detr.nv.gov/Page/Equal_Rights_Commision

New Hampshire: https://www.nh.gov/hrc/

New Jersey: https://www.nj.gov/oag/dcr/index.html

New Mexico: https://www.dws.state.nm.us/Human-Rights-Information

New York: https://dhr.ny.gov/

North Carolina: https://www.nc.gov/agency/human-relations-commission

North Dakota: https://www.nd.gov/labor/human-rights

Ohio: https://crc.ohio.gov/

Oklahoma: https://apps.ok.gov/ohrc

Oregon: https://www.oregon.gov/boli/civil-rights/Pages/default.aspx

Pennsylvania: https://www.phrc.pa.gov/Pages/default.aspx

Rhode Island: http://www.richr.ri.gov/ South Carolina: https://schac.sc.gov/

South Dakota: https://dlr.sd.gov/human_rights/default.aspx

Tennessee: https://www.tn.gov/humanrights.html

Texas: https://www.twc.texas.gov/partners/civil-rights-discrimination

Utah: https://laborcommission.utah.gov/divisions/utah-antidiscrimination-and-labor-uald/

Vermont: https://hrc.vermont.gov/

Virginia: https://www.oag.state.va.us/programs-initiatives/human-rights

Washington: https://www.hum.wa.gov/ West Virginia: https://hrc.wv.gov/Pages/default.aspx

Wisconsin: https://dwd.wisconsin.gov/er/

Wyoming: Housing Discrimination complaints are filed with HUD in its Denver, Colorado office - https://www.hud.gov/program_offices/fair_housing_equal_opp/online-complaint 

 

Last updated July 2020